September 19, 2019Pterois sphex
The venom in their spines causes severe pain and inflammation. Stings from other species can cause death. This fish typically lives in caves and lagoons and is nocturnal, feeding on smaller crustaceans and teleosts. They eat their prey whole and use their fins to stir sand on the ocean floor and bring their prey out of hiding.
This is the only known type of Lionfish to carry the newly discovered parasite Prohcithochirium pterois, a trematode, in their stomachs.
- Animal Diversity
- Yamaguti, S., ‘Digenetic trematodes of Hawaiian fishes’
- Doughty B. ‘Medical Microbiology 4th edition, Ch. 88 - Schostosomes and Other Trematodes
- Thomas, C., S. Scott. 1997. All stings considered. Honolulu, Hawaii: University of Hawaii Press.
Image Credit: Scott Johnson
Written by Jordan Polaniec, who loves software. You can follow him on Twitter